Innovative Drug delivery technologies
Drug delivery is the action of administering a medication into the body for a therapeutic effect through various routes. Drug delivery technology modifies drug release profiles, pharmacokinetic parameters to improve product efficacy as well as patient convenience. Conventional routes cannot deliver compounds such as proteins, antibodies, vaccine and gene based drugs because these routes are susceptible to enzymatic degradation or cannot be absorbed into the systemic circulation efficiently due to large molecular size and charge issues.
Technologies include controlled needle-free devices, sustained, controlled transdermal delivery technology and penetration matrix technology for non-invasive delivery. Many innovative technologies for effective drug delivery have been developed that includes implants, nanotechnology, cell and peptide encapsulation, micro fabrication, chemical modification.
Biotechnology advances are leading to develop medications to target diseases more effectively and precisely.
Nanotechnology delivers drugs to targeted cells by nanoparticles. The overall drug consumption and side-effects are lowered significantly by depositing the active drug in the particular site and preventing administration of booster doses. Nanotechnology based devices are less invasive. They can be safely implanted inside the body as biochemical reaction times are much shorter.