Nanoparticles: Innovations and Trends
Nanoparticles are generally less than 100 nm in dimension and consist of different biodegradable materials such as natural or synthetic polymers, lipids, or metals. Nanoparticles are taken up by cells more efficiently than larger micromolecules. Nanoparticles have high surface area to volume ratio thus allowing many functional groups for attachement. The small size of nanoparticles allows them to accumulate at sites.
Nano particles can (1) enhance the efficacy and minimize adverse reactions associated with drugs; (2) enable new classes innovations; and (3) encourage the re-investigation of pharmaceutically suboptimal but biologically active new molecules that were previously considered undevelopable.
Nanoparticles are used in drug delivery to improve the uptake of poorly soluble drugs.
As per BCC Research the global market for nanoparticles in the life science forecast to grow to more than $79.8 billion by 2019, to register a healthy compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 22%.