Routes of Drug Administration
The route of administration is the path through which the dosage form (active substance) is administered into the body for treatment of various diseases and disorders. Routes of administration are classified based on 1.the location at which the dosage form is applied 2. Target of action. These include oral, topical and enteral (system-wide effect, but delivered through the gastrointestinal tract), or parenteral (systemic action, but delivered by routes other than the GI tract).
Taking them correctly and understanding the right way to administer can reduce the risks. The route used to administer a drug depends on three main factors: 1. the part of the body being treated 2.the way the drug works within the body 3.the formula of the drug. These routes enhance the bio availability of drug molecule.
The global drug delivery technology market is projected to reach USD 1,669.40 Billion by 2021 from USD 1,179.20 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of 7.2% during the forecast period. This market analysis is based on route of administration, facility of use.
The topical drug delivery market is expected to reach USD 125.88 Billion by 2021 from USD 92.40 Billion in 2016 at a CAGR of 6.4% from 2016 to 2021 forecast period.The oral drug delivery market was valued at $49 billion in 2010, and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 10.3% until reaching $97 billion by 2017.